3 844 169

Cases referred to the CCMA since 1996

184 075

Total referrals (2022/23 FY)

Unfair dismissal

accounted for 54% of all referrals (2022/23)


highest referring sector (2022/23)

1,564Cases referred to the CCMA since 1996

1,032Total referrals (2021/22 FY)

45%Referrals by issue (2021/22)

25%Referrals by sector (2021/22)

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